District Judiciary should no longer be referred to as the 'subordinate judiciary' : Supreme Court

District Judiciary should no longer be referred to as the 'subordinate judiciary' : Supreme Court

Issue at hand and echoes the sentiments expressed by Chief Justice DY Chandrachud. Recognizing the need to change the culture of subordination, you emphasize that referring to the District Judiciary as 'subordinate judiciary' perpetuates an inaccurate perception and undermines the important role of district judges. By consciously avoiding such terminology, you acknowledge the autonomy and significance of the district judiciary within the judicial system. Your perspective aligns with the notion that district judges belong to the district judiciary and deserve to be recognized accordingly.

"The term 'subordinate' is often associated with inferiority or lower rank, and it undermines the important role and constitutional position of the District Judiciary. We must recognize and acknowledge the significance of the district judges and treat them with the respect and dignity they deserve."

This recent judgment by the Supreme Court reinforces the notion that the District Judiciary should not be labeled as 'subordinate.' The Court emphasizes that the District Judge holds a crucial position in the judicial system and should be accorded the respect and recognition commensurate with their constitutional role. The Court also emphasizes the importance of financial security and economic independence for judicial officers to ensure their impartiality.

Furthermore, the Court highlights the essential function of both the District Court and the High Court, which is to administer justice impartially and independently. It emphasizes that all judges, irrespective of their hierarchy, share the same core function and should be considered as part of the unified judicial system. Therefore, there should be integration in terms of pay, pension, and other service conditions between the District Judiciary, High Courts, and the Supreme Court to establish true unity in the judicial system.

This judgment aligns with the viewpoint expressed by Chief Justice DY Chandrachud earlier, where he emphasized the need to change the perception of subordination associated with the district judiciary. The Chief Justice called for a shift in mindset among judges of higher courts and urged them to recognize the equal importance and contribution of the district judiciary.

Overall, this judgment by the Supreme Court seeks to rectify the terminology used to describe the District Judiciary and aims to promote the recognition, respect, and integration of the district judges within the judicial system.


Case Title: All India Judges Association v. UoI And Ors. WP(C) No. 643/2015

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